Best Backend Languages For Mobile Apps

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Javeria Ibrahim
12, July, 2021 | 4 mint read
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Best Backend Languages For Mobile Apps

Back-end development involves developing the site from the server-side, where you are primarily concerned with the site functionality. It focuses on making updates and changes in addition to monitoring the functionality of the site.

Backend developers are responsible for communicating database information to the browser. The focus of backend developers is on a site’s responsiveness and speed. Backend languages enable developers to create dynamic mobile and web applications that are different from static websites. Backend developers are responsible for everything you cannot see with the naked eye, such as databases and servers.  There are several programming languages available to app developers today. Some of the most commonly used backend languages include JavaScript, Ruby, PHP, Java .Net, Swift, Dart, Python, and Kotlin. These programming languages are often supported by frameworks that simplify applications development.

Let’s dig deeper and learn about the best programming languages for Mobile app development.

1.   JavaScript

There are several reasons why JavaScript is so popular on the web. The emergence of frameworks such as jQuery, Angular, Vue, Svelte, and React.js has strengthened JavaScript’s position as the standard programming language. While developing applications, you can’t escape the web. Therefore, it’s better to learn JavaScript sooner rather than later.

Even if you don’t use Angular JS or React JS, you should know JavaScript since many other libraries are built with it. JavaScript is also the language for server-side validation, so it’s well worth learning it.

JavaScript has the advantage of being truly a full-stack development language. You can use it to create frontend GUIs, backend servers, and even mobile apps.

React Native is a popular JavaScript framework used to create cross-platform apps for both iOS and Android. JavaScript is highly recommended because of its widespread appeal and popularity.

2.    Java

One of the most popular, powerful, and effective backend languages with a high job and career growth potential is Java. Java is mostly a server-side programming language used for building robust backend servers, but you can use Java for Android mobile applications as well.

Learning Java has a lot of benefits for beginners who want to become app developers. Besides developing Android apps, you can also build a Java backend to become a full-stack developer.

3.   Swift

For iOS development and building apps for iPhone and iPad, Swift is a great backend language.

For the development of iOS apps, Objective C is being replaced by Swift. It is enough to learn Swift since Swift is the official programming language of iOS.

Here are some primary features of the swift programming language.

  • With Swift’s great IDE Xcode, you can easily include libraries using workspaces. It is self-contained and designed to make coding swift and easy.
  • Swift is a type-safe language, so it’s simple to learn, read, and understand. Most beginner errors are caught in the compilation phase.
  • Swift can be applied to Server work. The concept is still a new one. It will vary on their framework, or they are using one of the big players.

Swift is, however, a great language to learn and use for iOS mobile application development. On the other hand, for a beginner in Swift, it might be difficult to find a job quickly. Here Java and JavaScript really outperform Swift, but a developer still has a lot of opportunities with Swift, and they can earn very well once they made their way into it.

4.    Kotlin

To become an Android app developer in 2021, you should learn Kotlin. The Android world is probably going to see a lot more of Kotlin in the upcoming years.

Kotlin has got native support for Android development. Moreover, Kotile is supported by popular IDEs like IntelliJ IDEA and Android Studio.

Here are some pros of learning Kotlin for app development:

  • Kotlin is an easy-to-understand language with modern features
  • Allows you to do functional programming with lambdas
  • Is Typesafe, and errors can be checked
  • Offers good community support and useful tools

Kotlin is often referred to as next-generation Java. This is because of many good reasons. One of the biggest advantages of using Kotlin is that it’s the official language for Android application development, and Google will continue to promote it.

5.   Dart

In 2011, Google released Dart, an open-source, object-oriented, general-purpose language. Dart uses a ‘C’ style syntax, then trans-compiles it into JavaScript. This language supports client-side and server-side web development. Additionally, Dart is essential for developing native and cross-platform mobile applications.

Flutter is a popular app development framework built using Dart. Learning and using Dart can help developers better understand Flutter, allowing them to develop cross-platform applications.

These  are some key features of the Dart programming language:

  • Dart is easy to learn when used to C-style syntax. Developers can share code across web and mobile apps. Moreover, you can find a super helpful community of world-class developers.
  • Alternatively, with Dart, it may be necessary to write several domain packages and sub-packages to support the core domain Backend (API/Server).

The Bottom Line

These are the five most beneficial backend languages for developing apps in 2021. All of these languages have significant scope in mobile application development. Each of these languages can work best for specific criteria depending on the client’s needs and project requirements.

As for a choice, you may choose anything, but I would suggest learning Java or Javascript since these two languages are mainstream and can be used to develop applications as well. By becoming a full-stack developer, you become more than just a master app developer.

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